Bible Study

Exodus (2) Pt. 2 | Ch. 15 Mana – Ch. 31 Rules For Tabernacle

Welcome back to Exodus Pt. 2. We are going to cover the ending of Ch. 15– to Ch. 31

If you need to catch up, click here for Pt. 1 of Exodus.

We left off on the Israelites journeying out of the hand of their enemies. They are now working towards the Promised Land, but be warned, dear reader, God’s people struggle heavily in trusting Him.

This should be OUR reminder to trust God, even when we cannot see!

Praise God!


Water, Bread, Meat And More Water 

Ch. 15:22-35 Three days into the wilderness of Shur no water was found. Entering the land of Marah, there was water, but it was bitter.

Fun Fact: This is actually how the land got its name because of the bitter water. Ch.15:23

As usual, like Christians, the people complained. Unlike us, however, it is key to note in the Old Testament there was a prophet that stood between the people and God. Moses begins the illustration of prophet intercession.

Moses calls out to God, and God tells him to throw a branch of a tree into the water. This makes the waters sweet.

Understand God will keep us to our word, and our action to Him.

Ch.15:25-26, “There the LORD issued a ruling and instruction for them and put them to the test. He said, “If you listen carefully to the LORD your God and do what is right in his eyes, if you pay attention to his commands and keep all his decrees, I will not bring on you any of the diseases I brought on the Egyptians, for I am the LORD, who heals you.”


Ch. 16:02-03 Again the people cry out and complain. They are hungry, and they claim it would have been better for them to be slaves in Egypt because at least there they had food. They groan about how Moses has led them out into the desert only to kill them all.

…anyone else hear the words of Jesus, “Oh you of little faith.” 

God tells Moses that He will rain bread from heaven.

Can we just…FROM HEAVEN!

Each was to only get enough for the day, and on the sixth day gather enough to two days. No work on the Sabbath. They were not to save any bread, but use all of it.

In the morning, dew covered the ground and turned to a substance as fine as frost. The people didn’t know at first what it was. Moses explains this bread from God. So they gathered, and when the heat of the sun reached its max, what was left, melted.

Ch. 16:20,27-28 People disobey. They try to save bread when they shouldn’t, and they go out to gather on the Sabbath. God is displeased that they did not believe He would provide for them. Not only did God tell them He would, but He certainly provided they would have enough. (Does this sound familiar? I know I struggle with this in my life)


Ch. 17:01-07 Moses is not the most patient man, and it is seen in the journey of 40 years. His patience is tried and tried again with the people of Israel. They become thirsty and…you guessed it, complain. But what’s even worse is the fact, the people try to tempt God. “Is the Lord among us or not?” Ch.17:07

Moses cries out to God because he claims the people are ready to stone him. God reassures him, He’s got this.

Strike the river, walk through, and strike the rock. Drinking water will pour through. And so it does.


Victory Through Lifted Hands (Important Overlooked Story of the Bible)

This story is not one you hear about often, but it important because we can apply this directly to our lives. Sometimes, we simply need to keep our focus on God and what He tells us to do.

Ch. 17:08-16, Starting with verse 11 when Moses held his hands up during the battle of the Amalekites, Israel won. But when his hands were down, they lost. What happens when a leader of the church, the body of believers is down? You lift them up.

Aaron and Hur place a stone under Moses so he can sit on it, and they each support his hands. One on the left to Moses, and one on the right. Joshua plows through, and the battle is won. Moses builds an altar with the name, “The Lord Is My Banner.”

How great is our God!


Help For Moses, Father in Law Advice 

Praise God for family members who only want the best for you.

Fun Fact: Jethro is the priest for Midian, and he is the second listed priest who is not of the Levite bloodline. Melchizedek was the first noted, in Genesis.

Ch. 18:01-27 Jethro goes and meets Moses. He hears all about the glory God has done for His people. He worships God with a burnt sacrifice. But the next day, with a careful eye, he sees all the Moses has to do on his own.

Ch. 18:17, “Moses’ father-in-law replied, “What you are doing is not good. You and these people who come to you will only wear yourselves out. The work is too heavy for you; you cannot handle it alone.”

As a man of God, and older, he gives wise counsel to Moses. Teach the people what they should and should not do, so they are not constantly going to Moses.

Key Note: This explains all of the rules in the Old Testament! 

Then, selectable men that fear God, and are of the right mind and heart. These men will be rulers over thousands, hundreds, fifties, and tens. These men will judge the people and their problems. Only the great matters will be the ones Moses will deal with.

Moses listened to this advice and followed through.


Covenant & Ten Commandments 

Ch. 19:01-25 Israel promises to uphold all of God’s words (19:08).

Thundering, lightning, and the sound of a trumpet shuddered throughout the land.

The people stood at the bottom of the mountain to meet God. Moses spoke out, and God answered Him.

Ch. 20:01-17 Ten Commandments 

  1. You should have no others gods before Me.

  2. You shall not make for yourself a carved image. You shall not bow down to them or serve them. For I am a jealous God. 

  3. You shall not take the name of the Lord God in vain. 

  4. You shall keep the Sabbath holy.

  5. Honor your mother and father.

  6. You shall not murder.

  7. You shall not commit adultery.

  8. You shall not steal.

  9. You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor (lying)

  10. You shall not covet your neighbor’s house, his wife, his servants, his animals or anything he owns. 


In-between Summary of Chapters 

Laws, Rules, Feasts Ch. 20:22-26-Ch. 23:14-19

God’s Angel and Promises Ch. 23:20-33

Israel Confirms Covenant Ch. 24

Instructions For the Law, Tabernacle, Priesthood, Alter Ch.25-31 

Pt. 3 and the ending of Exodus will come out tomorrow. Just some last few things to wrap up!

Be on the lookout for the Golden Calf and the consequences because of it!

~T. R. Noble 


3 thoughts on “Exodus (2) Pt. 2 | Ch. 15 Mana – Ch. 31 Rules For Tabernacle

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