Bible Study

Leviticus (3) Pt. 1 | Offerings Ch. 1 -Childbirth Ch. 12

When we last left the Israelites they were basically in the desert. Get comfortable, they will remain in the desert for the time being, as we journey through the next couple of books of the Bible.

The third book of the Bible is Leviticus. As the priesthood now comes from the Levitical bloodline, it may not be surprising, that in Greek, this book was translated to mean, “That Which Pertains to the Levites.”  We will journey through offering and priesthood guidelines, as well as other Laws, and regulations.

Consisting of 27 chapters, Leviticus is a rule book for sure. It is to be reminded one of the reasons for all of the rules is explained in the previous book, Exodus. Moses sets out what should, and should not be done so other leaders/judges can set out, enforce these rules, and answer people’s questions with these guidelines.

If you need to catch up on Exodus here is Pt. 1 .

Also, be mindful of the fact this was a different time period. Women were treated a lot differently, and this was before Jesus Christ becomes our sacrifice. These next few books can trip a lot of Christians, and nonbelievers up. Look at the rule books for a historical record of the Law books, and how people were once treated. Be aware of the hygiene problems back then as well, soap and other body supplies were not as available.

Let’s begin!

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Offerings and Law Offerings

Ch. 1 – 5  Covers various offerings, and how they are to be performed.

Ch. 1 – The Burnt Offering 

Ch. 2- The Grain Offering 

-grain offerings cannot be made with leaven, or honey (2:11)

– fruit offerings cannot be burned (2:12)

-all grain offerings need salt (2:13)

-firstfruit grain need oil on it with frankincense laid with it (2:15)

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Ch. 3- The Peace Offering 

Ch. 4- The Sin Offering 

-a person sins unintentionally (4:02)

– if a priest sins unintentionally, he brings guilt on the people (4:03) 

– if whole congregation sins unintentionally, it is the elders who make the sacrifice for them, once the sin is realized (4:13-15)

Ch. 5 & Part of Ch. 6- The Trespass Offering 

-if a person does not admit/tell of hearing an oath or is a witness to, he/she has sinned with trespass (5:01)

– touching anything unclean or dead, the person becomes uncleaned, and sinned (5:02)

– touches human uncleanliness, when person is aware of it, he has sinned. (5:03)

– person swears to do evil or good by his lips, this is a form of an oath, when the person is aware, then it is a sin (5:04) 

Ch. 6:01-2 discuss lying

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Laws Of The Offerings

Law Of Burnt Offerings – (6:08-13)

Law Of Grain Offerings-  (6:14-23)

-priest and sons get a portion of sacrifice (food)

-anyone who touches the offering must be holy

Law Of Sin Offerings – (6:24-30)

-Priest who offers burnt sacrifice, will eat it

-No sacrifice with blood brought in should be ate

Law Of Trespass Offerings – (7:01-10)

-Every grain offering belongs to all the sons of Aaron

Law Of Peace Offerings- – (7:11-21)

-leavened bread can be offered with sacrifice of thanksgiving

-person who eats flesh of sacrifice, that belongs to the Lord, shall be cut off from his people

-person who touches any unclean thing, shall be cut off from his people

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Fat And Blood Cannot Be Ate

Ch. 7:22-27 The people are told not to eat any fat of ox, sheep, or goat.

Fat of an animal that dies naturally can be used in other ways, but not ate.

No one can eat any blood in bird or beast, or they will be cut off from their people.

Aaron And His Sons Get A Portion & Consecrated

Ch. 7:28-38 As the priests have a lot to do daily, it makes sense that they were fed from the sacrifices of others.

Ch. 8– Aaron and sons get consecrated

– for seven days they couldn’t go out of the door of the tabernacle, during seven days they were getting consecrated.

Ch. 9 They are consecrated. They come out, offering sacrifices, the glory of the Lord is shown, and with a fire He consumes the burnt offering. The people shout and fall on their faces.

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Aaron’s Sons Disobey And Die

Ch. 10:01-07 Nadab and Abihu put fire in their censer, with incense, and offered it to the Lord. But the Lord had not commanded them to do so, and therefore they offered with a profane fire.

Fire went out from God, and devoured the two. (NKJ) Leviticus 10:03, “And Moses said to Aaron, “This is what the Lord spoke, saying: By those who come near Me, I must be regarded as holy; And before all the people I must be glorified. So Aaron held his peace.” 

Aaron, and his other sons were told not to mourn, lest they die, and wrath come upon the people. But for them to let their brothers, the body of people, mourn the loss.

Conduct For Priests

Ch. 10:08-20 Priests were not to drink wine or become intoxicated when going into the tabernacle, otherwise they die. This was meant so that they could be an example to the people. Holiness needed to be distinguished, between holy and unholy, and between clean and unclean. They are told to teach the people, and be an example.

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Permitted and Forbidden Foods

Ch. 11:01-23 Foods that are permitted. Animals that had divided hooves, cloven hooves, and chews the cud.

What wasn’t permitted– camel, rock hyrax (badger), hare, and pig. All these animals were considered unclean, for their reasons listed, and not to be ate or touched.

What could be ate from the water–  whatever has fins and scales, but what doesn’t have fins and scales cannot be ate. They are considered an abomination.

What is considered an abomination among the birds– eagle, vulture, buzzard, kite, falcon, every raven, ostrich, short-eared owl, screech owl, white owl, jackdaw, carrion vulture, stork, heron, hoopoe, and the bat. These cannot be ate.

All flying insects that creep on all fours are an abomination, except those with jointed legs above their feet with which to jump.

These flying insects can be ate– the locust, destroying locust, cricket, and grasshopper, everything else is an abomination.

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Unclean Animals

Ch. 11:24-47  Those that touch an unclean animal will be unclean, until evening.

Those that creep are also considered unclean– the mole, mouse, large lizard, gecko, monitor lizard, sand reptile, sand lizard, and chameleon.

If they are dead, leave them alone. If they fall into a food vessel, the vessel is considered unclean. A spring, or cistern, where there is plenty of water, will still be considered clean, but any who touch the carcass will become uncleaned.

If a seed, that hasn’t been planted, is touched, it is still clean.

But if the seed is wet, and touched by a carcass/animal it is unclean.

Anything that creeps on its belly is an abomination, and considered unclean.

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Ritual After Childbirth

Ch. 12:01-08 If a woman gives birth to a male child, she is unclean for seven days. On the eighth, he shall be circumcised. She will continue then for 33 purification days. She will not touch any hallowed thing or come into the sanctuary, till days are done.

If she has a girl, she is considered unclean for two weeks. Her purification days are doubled to 66 days.

When her purification days are done, she brings a specified sacrifice to the priest as a sin offering. The priest offers, and makes an atonement for her, and then she is considered completely clean.

In-between

Ch. 13 & 14 Covering Law of Leprosy and garments, and Ritual for Cleansing Healed Lepers.

We are halfway through! I’m seeing some symbolism with the offerings/sacrifices. The focus on fire and salt, in particular.

Do you have thoughts on some of the Laws? Does anything stand out to you? 

~T. R. Noble 

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8 thoughts on “Leviticus (3) Pt. 1 | Offerings Ch. 1 -Childbirth Ch. 12

    1. He definitely is. I’m thankful for God keeping His word, and showing examples because it means when He says He wants me to prosper He means it, and keeps His word to those that follow His footsteps. Praise God! : ) If you are curious, I’ve covered Genesis, and Exodus as well. I need to add the Exodus Pt. 1 link in this post anyways, thanks for the reminder. : )

      Liked by 1 person

  1. Yeah I’m studying fire at the minute and it’s meaning throughout the Bible. I’m reading a book on Hell and whether references to the fires of Hell are literal or symbolic. And fire is also often used to portray the righteous anger of God.

    Thank you for the detail you put into these studies. You make a very dry and challenging Old Testament book spring to life.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. That’s really interesting about the fire meaning. I have the book 23 minutes in Hell, and I’ve yet to read it.

      Thank you. I know a lot struggle, and I don’t want people to struggle with the Bible.

      Liked by 1 person

  2. Very informative! I’ll admit I don’t often spend much time in Leviticus. I have trouble seeing how it applies to me…and then some of the laws tend to make me want to laugh. Is that awful? I guess I need to keep in mind that it was a different age and culture. Still, a lot of the laws just seem like common sense to me. High five for tackling a difficult book I enjoyed reading this 🙂

    Liked by 1 person

    1. I don’t think that’s awful, haha! It is definitely a book that we can easily struggle with. I think what we can take from it is the fact we are saved from so much because of salvation. We should do as Jesus says, “Give to Cesar what is Cesar’s.” We are to follow rules. We are to follow God’s rule. When we disobey there are consequences. We should always respect God. I look at these books as guidelines, reminders, and historical records. What is common sense to us because of what we know through science/health, the people back then did not know. I’m so glad you enjoyed the piece! I’m trying to make the harder/difficult books more enjoyable so readers can take something out of it. : )

      Liked by 1 person

  3. That makes a lot of sense. I do see a common theme in the OT is to remember to respect God and to follow the laws that He gave. Leviticus isn’t an easy book to make interesting. I’ll be interested to see what you say about Numbers though..I can never read that one at night. 0% focus haha. Still all books serve a purpose 🙂

    Liked by 1 person

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